Alzheimer’s Resource and Research Foundation

Communicating with those with Dementia

Stage-dependent Goals Caregivers need to communicate differently with those with dementia at different stages of the disease. As the disease progresses, more skill is required to convey messages and establish mutual understanding. It is important to remain flexible and aware of how effective different techniques are in different situations. As dementia progresses from early to …

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Link Between Cardiovascular Disease and Alzheimer’s Disease

Mindy J. Kim-Miller, MD, PhD There is growing evidence for a link between cardiovascular (heart) disease and Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Both diseases share common risk factors including hypertension (high blood pressure), cholesterol, diabetes, obesity, smoking, and ApoE4 (a gene which has been associated with atherosclerosis, AD, and possibly vascular dementia). The intriguing part of these …

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Activity-Focused Dementia Care

Activity-focused dementia care stresses the importance of activity as personally meaningful occupation in the lives of those with dementia. In this approach to care, caregivers make a commitment to doing activities with care recipients rather than for them, which helps care recipients to maintain and perhaps even improve their skills and capacities. Caregivers recognize and …

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The Future of Diagnosing and Evaluating Alzheimer's Disease

Mindy Kim-Miller, MD, PhD Different forms of dementia have different pathologies (causes, processes, development, and consequences) and respond to different medications. Even within one type of dementia, there may be differences in pathologies that make one subtype more responsive to certain treatments than another. Correctly diagnosing the type of dementia and identifying individual differences in …

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NSAIDs and Alzheimer's Risk

Mindy J Kim-Miller, MD, PhD Although many studies have examined the effects of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) on the risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease, the results remain confusing. Some of the common NSAIDs used in these studies include aspirin, acetaminophen (Tylenol), ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin), celecoxib (Celebrex), naproxen (Aleve), indomethacin (Indocin), and sulindac (Clinoril). One report …

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Strategies for Effective Caregiving

  Remember that effective caregiving takes: Knowledge of Alzheimer’s disease, people, human behavior. Skill in interpersonal relations and with caregiving techniques. Flexibility in routine and approaches. What works today may fail tomorrow. What works with one person may not with someone else. An attitude of hopeful but realistic expectation. Focus on the positive, healthy qualities …

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Tips for Improving Sleep

If your care recipient with dementia has trouble falling asleep or staying asleep, consider these non-pharmacologic approaches for improving sleep before or in conjunction with pharmacologic approaches. Encourage the person to use the bedroom for sleeping only. Discourage the person from staying in bed while awake, watching television, or reading. Establish a comfortable, familiar, and …

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