Activity-focused dementia care stresses the importance of activity as personally meaningful occupation in the lives of those with dementia. In this approach to care, caregivers make a commitment to doing activities with care recipients rather than for them, which helps care recipients to maintain and perhaps even improve their skills and capacities. Caregivers recognize and compensate for dementia-related impairments by identifying and encouraging the use of the care recipients’ retained physical and motor, cognitive, emotional, social and communicative capacities.
People with dementia are highly vulnerable to rapid functional decline, because they are dependent on caregivers to help them use their remaining skills and capacities. Without continual use of remaining skills, people may eventually lose those skills and develop excess disability (disability beyond what is expected from the brain damage associated with the dementia). Activity-focused care can help to prevent excess disability and preserve functional capacities
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